Places to Visit in Srirangam Tamil Nadu India Ranganathaswamy Temple
Srirangam is a beautiful island surrounded by river Cauvery and Kollidam (tributary of Cauvery). Its length is about 8 miles and 4 miles in breadth. The population of this city is about 2,10,361 . Srirangam City is 9km from Trichy junction and it also has a railway station. The island town is surrounded by 7 walls. Sri Renganatha swami temple is one of the famous vaishnavite tamples in India. There are 21 gopurams, the rajagopuram (principal tower) is the largest gopuram in South India. Its height is about 72m, It has 13-tiered gopuram (towers) which was built in 1987 and dominates the landscape for miles around, while the remaining 20 gopurams were built, between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Srirangam Renganathar Temple Dharshan Time (Due to Covid)
Sri Rangam Sri Renganathar Temple open on 05-07-2021
Morning: 6.30 to 7.30
Morning: 9.00 to 12.30
Afternoon : 2.30 to 5.30
Evening : 6.30 to 8.00
*According to the situation a times can be changed
*Tample open on Weekend also
*During the festival time Koil timings are change
About Srirangam City
Srirangam City Covers 600 acres island town. The temple of Sri Rangam occupies an area of about 156 acres and it is the largest temple in India. It is the fore most temples in 108 Divya Desams. It is about 7 km from Trichy and 325km from Chennai. Srirangam to Trichy airport is about 13km.
Sri Rangam is also called as Thiruvarangam in Tamil language. It is one of the tamples of the God Renganatha(Antya Ranga) is in Thiruvarangam. This Koil lies in the natural islands formed by the river Cauvery.
Thiruvarangam is a holy place. Importantly for vaishnavates, because, their God Vishnu is in the name of “Renganathar” in a sleeping posture (called Anantha sayanam), which could not be seen any where else like this. Sri Rangam has got importance because of Renganathar Koil. The Geographic location of this island between Rivers cauvery and kolidam is also a reason. There is a flower market is in “Sathara veedhi”nearby Raja Gopuram. It is one of famous flower market in Tamil Nadu. Where flowers and Garlands are exported to various place in Tamilnadu and other foreign countries.
A Garden which grows mangoes is also here. The name of that is “Thatha Chariyar Gardens”. They export tons of mangoes every year. There are totally five matriculation schools, Three Government aided schools and six primary schools providing an excellent education. Sri Rangam place is famous for Residential apartments. There are more than five hundred apartments in this place. Bus services are available round the clock to reach Sri Rangam. Numerous taverns and inns are here to accommodate large number of tourists. Three art galleries are present where; people forget themselves in the beauty of antiques and crafts.
Thiruvarangam has a good economy based on tourism and visiting Lord Rengahatha Temple. Large number of tourists are visiting here from all parts of India and from abroad too. During the Ekadashi festivals we can see huge devotees visiting this city on the Tamil month of Marghazi. One of biggest flower market is available here.
Srirangam Tourist Places
Trichy Srirangam Temple
Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple
Sri Renganathaswamy Temple is the first temple in 108 Divya Desams.
It is considered as the biggest functioning Hindu Koil. This Koil cover an area of about 156 acres. (Angkor Wat is also a biggest Koil but it is not functioning).
The Srirengam Temple is enclosed with seven concentric rectangular enclosures. The saptha prakarams represents the seven chakras are nodal energy centres of the human body at the centre of the soul. The 6.4m/21ft statue of Lord Vishnu or ananthashayana reclining on the snake Anantha. Of the seven prakarams, four or located inside the Koil the other 3 are Uthra street, Chitra Street and Adayavalanjan Street are outside with houses and shops. Three entrances mark the north, east and south dominated by the 72m/236ft high Raja Gopuram. It is the highest tample tower in the world. The massive complex has 21 gopurams and 53 upasannathis. The fourth prakaram is dominated by the white Vellai gopuram in the east. The Sesharayar Mandapam is to the south. The eight monolithic pillars bear the famous sculptures of Warriors astride rearing horses. On either side of this mandapam the 1000 pillared mandapam is seen. This mandapam is surviving with 953 pillars. The Art Museum with old Ivory tusks and antique specimen of Tanjore art is worth a peek. The Karthikai Gopura is in the 3rd enclosure leads to the Garuda Mandapam. It houses an exceptional gigantic statue of Vishnu's mount that leaves one awestruck. The holy tank, Chandra Pushkarni, is to the east. From Southern Aryabhattal in the second enclosure one enters the first enclosure, Rajamahendran prakaram, through Nazhikettan gopura. The Thondaiman mandapam with painted ceiling stands to the north-west and the Arjuna Mandapam and Kili Mandapam in the east. Ramanuja was the most celebrated theologians of Hinduism. He was 11th century priest. His body is preserved in Sri Rangam temple till now.
A separate sanathi is dedicated to goddess Andal inside the temple complex. We can see a museum library and a bookshop in this place.
Sri Rangam Sri Ranganatha Shrine
Sri Renganathar is inside the Renga Vemanam. He lies in the bed of five-headed Aadhi Seshan, his legs are stretched along the east direction by watching the demon king Lord Yaman. Sri Lakshmi and Kuberan are behind him. Aranganathan's right hand is under his head as a pillow. Left hand is on his lap and it is pointed to his feet. This position shows that the souls of the world are finally getting terminated only in his feet.
Sri Ranganayagi Thayaar Shrine
Sri Ranganayagi Thayar Shrine is one the northwestern side of fifth enclosure. The main deity of this shrine is Sri Devi and Bhoodevi behind Renganayagi in this shrine. This shrine has Unjal Mandapam, Panguni Uthira Mandapam, Kolumandapam and Vasantha Mandapam. This mandapam has beautiful paintings, sculptures and frescos.
Kamban Ramayana Mandapam
Kamban Ramyana Mandapam lies opposite to the Thayaar Shrine near the Mettazhagia Singar Shrine. Kamban, the great Tamil poet returns Ramayana. People had not accepted that so kamban retorted stating that the world have to accept this version, they could not dispute it. Kamban stood outside the Thaayar Sannidhi of the tample and recited his version. Lord Azhagiya Singar heard his Ramayana and accepted it. In order to remember this incident Mettazhagia Singar Shrine is near the Thaayar Shrine.
Sri Garuda Shrine
Sri Garuda Shrine is in the fourth enclosure of the temple. It is the biggest and beautiful mandapam for Garuda among the 108-divya desams. Garuda's height is about 25 feet tall. This mandapam has more than 200 pillars. Sri Garuda Graces his dharshan opposite to the Reganatha Shrine. The Garuda appears in a majestic form of wearing Ashta Nagabaranam a jewel of 8 serpents. The Dhoti vastra of Garuda is about 30m long. Margazhi Tiruvadirai is the festival celebrated for him on his star day.
Sri Chakkarathalwar Shrine( Sudarsana Moorthy)
Shrine of Chakkarathalwar is in the fifth pragra of this tample. Sri Chakkarathalwar is in a idol form in the mystery symbol of wheel consisting of six spokes. Sri Sudarsana is the weapon. Chakkarathalwar is set to be wielding sixteen weapons in his sixteen arms. He is said to be invoked by a six-letter manthra. All Saturdays and the entire Tamil month of Purattasi are the best days to visit.
Sri Ramanuja Shrine
Sri Ramanuja Shrine is in the fourth pragara in this tample. In this shrine Lord Ramanuja,s "Thirumeni" is preserved in the tample by applying Saffron and camphor every six month. Sri Ramanuja was the famous vaishnava teacher and then most outstanding leader of philosophy. Saint Ramanuja, the author of the Vishistadwaitham tenet spent nearly 70 years of the his life here serving the Lord and spreading Vaishnavism. A sanctum here has the Saint's mortal remains.
Sesharaya mandapam is in the eastern side of the fifth enclosure of this Koil. We can see eight monolithic pillars; it has several battlefield sculptures that remain great times of vijayanagara rulers. The figures are approximately life sized. The thousand pillared mandapam is in the north of the Sesharaya mandapam . Shree Rangam Koil has 1000 pillar mandapam (Aayiram Kaal Mandapam). In this mandapm has only 953 pillars .
The celebrations at the 11 day Vaikunta Eakdashi Festival at are a great draw. At this time, the Paramapada Vasal (Paradise Gate) is opened and hundred thousands of pilgrims congregate here to enter this gate as it is widely believed that one who enters here will ultimately reach Vaikunta (the abode of god) after death. The 20 day long Thiru Adhyayana Utsavam in December-January and the annual Brahmothsavam of the Sri Ranganatha in March-April draw huge crowds.
Sri Aranganathar temple's museum is in the fourth court. It has lot of interesting objects such as a fine collection of ivory collections, endowments engraved on copper plates, a number of bronzes cast by the lost wax process, weapons coins etc.
Ranganathar Temple History
The origin of the Koil dates back to the time of Tirumangai Alwar. The tample constructed by the Chola King Dharmavarman reportedly existed buried in sand before. According to Mythology, Sri Ranganatha is the deity brought to Ayodhya from heaven by King Ikshwaku, the illustrious head of Suryavanshi (Solar) race and it successively came into the possession of Lord Rama of the epic Ramayana. Later on almost all the kings who ruled Tamil Nadu lavishly added to the embellishment of this shrine. Between the 14 to the 17th centuries, the successive rulers built further walls with taller gopurams. Rajagouram is the most impressive of its 21 towers having 13 tiers. Built in 1987, it is one of its kind and the tallest (72m).
The Koil with its numerous enclosures, towers, and entrances has its presiding deity, Vishnu, Worshipped as Sri Ranganatha, the Lord is reclining on the lap of Adishesha, the king of serpents. The Azhagia manavalan or Peria Perumal (the Processional Idol) in standing position is superb. Belief is that is shifted to Tirupati when the Muslim invader, Malik Kufar raided Thiruvarangam and temple remained closed for over 50 years.
The main deity is enshrined within the first corridor and the sanctum sanctorum has a golden dome for its roof, called Ranga Vimanam, shaped like the Pranava. It is customary to take a bath in the waters of Kaveri flowing near to the tample before having the darshan of Sri Ranganatha. The east facing unfinished shrine dedicated to Krishna (Kannan) started by Krishnadeva Raya of Vijayanagar has superbly excuted Nayika figures in stone. The thousand pillared hall stands beyond the fourth wall and the Seshagiri Rayar Mandapam opposite it is unique with its equestrian statues. The Gayathri Mandapam in the innermost enclosure has 24 pillars representing the letters of the mantra (verses). The various mandapams are testimony to the superb artisanship of the Vijayanagar era. The tiger hunt sculpture; the 8-armed Venugopala and sculpture of Lakshminarayana on Garuda are inimitable. According to tradition, Lord Ranganatha has five consorts and in the fifty enclosures, there is a shrine of Thulukka Nachiar, the Muslim consort of the Lord. Even today, Sri Ranganatha Partake the chapatti (pancake) and butter offered to her.
Amma mandapam is about 1km from Sri Rangam Koil. It lies on the banks of the river Cauvery. Pilgrims bath here good fortune; priests pray for childbirth, mourners scatter ashes. Pilgrims come here to purify themselves before offering further poja at the Koil. Many ceremonies take place on the tenth day after death of the individual Hindu.
Large number of people took holy bath in river Cauvery and perform Tharpanam to ancestors on this Aadi Amavasai.
Sri Jambukeshwara Koil
Sri Jambukeshwara Koil is about 3km north of rock Fort and 1 km from Sri Rangam, turn right from the Trichy Chennai Trunk road onto Sannathi Street, Opp. Rama Theertham. One of the five pancha sthalas, this is where Lord Shiva is worshiped as the element, water. The story goes that Parvati once mocked Lord Shiva's penance and was sent to Earth to expiate. As instructed, she came to the mystical venn naval tree sprouting from Sage Jambu's head and worshipped Shiva by fashioning a lingam out of the holy waters of the Kaveri. Lord Shiva appeared before her, imparted Shiva gnana (Divine knowledge) and took abode under the white jamun tree. The place was called Jambukeshwaram and the appu (water) lingam, enshrined under the tree, still oozes water. Parvati took lessons from Shiva as a student facing east, so the tample idols are similarly installed and she is hailed as Akhilandeswari or the goddess who gained knowledge of the entire cosmos. Since Lord Shiva acted as her guru, no thiru kalyanam (marriage) is conducted for the deities. The noon puja is not to be missed when the priest dresses up like a woman to worship Lord Jambukeshwara, in a symbolic recreation of goddess Akhilandeswari's puja.
Kattaazhagiya Singar Temple
Kattaazhagiya Singar Koil is one of the oldest temples in Trichy. The main Lord of this Koil is Sri Lakshmi Narasimma(Kattaazhagiya Singar), Sri Mahalakshmi on the left lap. This Lord appears in 8 feet tall structure and his teeth are made of silver. Sri Ranganathaswamy visits this Koil on Vijayadhasami day (10th day of Navarathiri festival). Kattaazhagiya Singar Koil is about 1.5 km from the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple. It is near the Sri Rangam railway station. Temple Timings: Morning 6:15 am to 12:00 pm Evening 05:00 pm to 8:15 pm.
Raghavendra Mutt is one of the most important temple in Sri Rangam. It is located near the Sri Rangam bus stand. This holy tample has calm and beautiful environment. Lot of devotees visit this Koil on Thursday. This mutt is about 1.5km from the railway station and walkable distance (500 meter) from Raja Gopuram.
Butterfly Park in Sri Rangam
Butterfly Park is about 5km from Sri Rangam. It has different varieties of butterflies. This park has beautiful and colorful flowers. Children can enjoy lot in this park. It has seesaw swing etc. are present here for the enjoyment of small children. This park has zodiac signs and the trees. We can enjoy a wonderful fountain here. Butterfly Park has an artificial lake. This lake has ducks and hanging bridges here.
37 Feet Vishvaroopa Sanjeevana Anjaneyar Temple
37 Feet Vishvaroopa Sanjeevana Anjaneyar was built in Hanuman Thoppu Melur village near by Kollidam River in Thiruvarangam. The Koil was started in 24/10/20021.
Schools and Educational Institutions
Srimath Andavan Arts and Science College (Autonomous) is situated in Thiruvarangam. There are numerous public and private schools are available here. Boy's higher secondary school is one of the oldest and famous school. This school was founded in the year 1896. Govt. Girl's higher secondary school is also an important oldest school in Thiruvarangam. Thiruvarangam government schools are Dr.Rajan Municipal Middle School. Some other important private schools in Thiruvarangam are Kalaivani Matriculation School, Vignesh Renga Matriculation school, Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Akilandeswari Vidyalaya, Sree Vaijayanthee Vidyalaya, K N R Vidyalaya,(CBSE), Sri Vageesha Vidhyashram(CBSE) etc.
Srirangam City Information
|Srirangam to Chennai||315 km|
|Srirangam Temple Phone Number||0431-2432246|